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Indigenous Studies

Indigenous Studies is an interdisciplinary field grounded in the languages, histories, geographies, and contemporary experiences of Indigenous peoples

Two Spirit

Indigenous identities include complex and diverse concepts of gender and sexuality. There are various names to describe gender and sexual diversity amongst the Nations.  Often, Elders speak of those who carry two spirits: that of a female and that of a male. Two Spirit is a contemporary term that can be used to describe LGBTQ+ people who identify as Indigenous.    

Two Spirit: Web Resources
Two Spirit Calls to Action
Two Spirit Archive
ALA Recommended Reads
Tribal Equity Toolkit
MMIWG2SLBGTQQIA+ National Action Plan Final Report

Two Spirit: DVDs and Streaming
First Stories: Two Spirit (Streaming)


Becoming Two Spirit
Gender and Sexuality in Indigenous North America, 1400-1850
A two-spirit journey : the autobiography of a lesbian Ojibwa-Cree elder