Skip to Main Content

Medieval History

Write & CIte



1 a : the writing of history; especially : the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particulars from the authentic materials, and the synthesis of particulars into a narrative that will stand the test of critical methods b : the principles, theory, and history of historical writing <a course in historiography>
2 : the product of historical writing : a body of historical literature


Kwantlen History students are required to use the Chicago citation style. Please note that although Chicago allows for both parenthetical references as well as footnotes/endnotes, students are directed to use the footnote/endnote system only.

If in doubt, check with your instructor!

Additional resources:

Chicago Citation Style LibGuide - University of Lethbridge

From the OWL at Purdue University: Comprehensive information about Chicago Style, including formatting and sample papers

From the University of Chicago: Turabian Quick Guide (Turabian is a simplified form of the Chicago Manual of Style)

Find out what it is and simple ways to avoid it!

Common examples of plagiarism:

- Copying sentences, paragraphs, data or visuals without properly citing their source
- Quoting material without proper use of quotation marks (even if otherwise cited appropriately)
- Paraphrasing or summarizing information from a source without proper acknowledgement;
- Paying someone for writing the assignment
- Listing a source in the bibliography/reference list that was not cited in the assignment

How do I avoid plagiarism?

Remember: You MUST provide an in-text citation and an entry in the Works Cited or list of References for ALL of the examples of quoting paraphrasing, or summarizing from other sources.

  • Find out more about Plagiarism and academic honesty.

Selected Writing Guides for History Students

Doing History

Whether you're starting down the path as a history major, or simply looking for a straightforward and systematic guide to writing a successful paper, you'll find this text to be an indispensable handbook to historical research. This text's "soup to nuts" approach to researching and writing about history addresses every step of the process, from locating your sources and gathering information, to writing clearly and making proper use of various citation styles to avoid plagiarism. You'll also learn how to make the most of every tool available to you-especially the technology that helps you conduct the process efficiently and effectively.

Essaying the Past: How to Read, Write, and Think about History

Part research manual, part study guide, and part introduction to the study of history, Essaying the Past guides the reader through the nuts and bolts of producing good historical prose, offering key strategies and useful tips. Includes expert advice on writing about history, conducting good research, and learning how to think analytically Covers important topics such as framing questions, developing a strong introduction and topic sentences, choosing good evidence, and the crucial role of revision An annotated case study takes the reader through one student's process of writing an essay and illustrates how strategies discussed in the book can be successfully implemented Six appendices cover the major issues facing students today, such as the dangers of plagiarism and the role of the internet

Going to the Sources: A Guide to Historical Research and Writing

The Fourth Edition of our highly affordable and convenient text remains an excellent tool for students faced with the daunting task of writing their first research paper or historiographical essay. The book begins with a chapter that describes the different schools of thought of history, setting the stage for a discussion of the different types of historical sources and the organization of the historical profession. Then Going to the Sources becomes a hands-on manual, helping the reader identify, find, and evaluate the many sources available to researchers. In addition to enhanced coverage of technological tools, this fourth edition features an entirely new chapter, "Getting the Most Out of History Books," practical advice to help students read more critically. New and updated appendices provide easy examples of style for footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographical entries, as well as a list of commonly used abbreviations.

The Information-Literate Historian: A Guide to Research for History Students

Suitable for history students, this primer is a guide to doing research in order to write a research paper, create a website, or do a PowerPoint presentation. It talks about how to do research on the Internet and how to differentiate between reliable and unreliable historical information on the Web.

Writing History Essays: A Student's Guide

To write history successfully, it is essential to understand the nuts and bolts of technique as well as the underlying principles which are too rarely made explicit, but which govern the whole process. I.W. Mabbett carefully analyzes these principles, and takes us step-by-step through the stages of the process. He shows how history differs from other disciplines, outlines the methods of historical research and writing, and clearly illustrates their application to writing assignments, essaysand dissertations in history.