Residential Schools were a federally implemented institutionalization of Indigenous children in Canada. Children were forcibly taken from their families to distant boarding schools. Children were physically, emotionally, and sexually abused at these schools. Indigenous children had their culture stripped and were punished for speaking their language. The Canadian government slowly started replacing Residential School assimilation with a foster care and adoption assimilation policy now known as the 60's Scoop. The last Residential School closed it's doors in 1996.
In late May 2021 a mass unmarked grave of 215 children was located at the site of Kamloops Residential School. Since then, other Residential School sites are being investigated with more unmarked mass graves being found. These events have opened public discussion regarding Residential Schools with public demonstrations occurring to support Residential School Survivors and their decendants.
For Residential School Survivors and their families this is an especially difficult time. Please seek support as needed. The Indian Residential School Survivor Society 24/hr phone service is available at 1-866-925-4419.
Residential Schools: Web Resources
Where are the Children?
Residential Schools Land Memory Mapping Project
Residential Schools Resources - Aboriginal Healing Foundation
The Children Remembered - United Church of Canada Archives
Project of Heart: Illuminating the hidden history of Indian Residential Schools in British Columbia
Report of the Royal Commission of Aboriginal Peoples
Residential Schools: DVDs and Streaming
Unrepentant: Kevin Annett and Canada's genocide (DVD)
Project Eagle Feather: When they took the children (DVD)
Fallen Feather: Indian industrial Residential Schools Canadian Confederation (DVD)
Secret Path (streaming series)
Indian Horse (streaming film)
Residential Schools: A sad chapter in Canadian history (streaming series - please search title in Curio database)
RezXTV Truth & Reconciliation (streaming)
National Film Board Channel - Residential Schools (streaming)