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Academic Integrity & Plagiarism

Plagiarism Video

Why is plagiarism such a serious offence?

Plagiarism is the most frequent academic integrity violation. It is a serious issue, because properly citing sources is an essential component of academic research and discourse. Original ideas or concepts are considered to be a person's property, and not crediting the contribution of others is seen as ethically wrong. If you do not cite a source, you do not acknowledge the creator's rights and contributions and are committing intellectual theft.

Avoiding plagiarism in your writing - Quick tips


  • Use quotation marks whenever quoting an exact phrase, sentence or short paragraph
  • Longer quotations should not be included in quotation marks, but indented, as indicated by the citation style in use
  • Always include a citation

Paraphrasing and Summarizing

  • To correctly paraphrase or summarize, you must change both the language AND sentence structure
  • Always include a citation


  • Acknowledge ALL sources of borrowed ideas and materials, whether they are written, spoken, visuals or in any other format
  • Make sure that the reader can clearly distinguish between your thoughts and information you borrowed by placing your citations in the appropriate place
  • Properly format your in-text citations (or footnotes if using Chicago Style) and your reference list (also called works cited or bibliography)
  • Cite your sources both in your text AND in your list of sources