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ARTS 1100 (2019-Summer: Fear)

Importance of citing sources

Citing your sources properly shows that you have done your research and consulted appropriate sources for your topic. It also acknowledges that all research builds on work that has come before. You must give credit to sources that have influenced or informed your work. If you do not do this, you are essentially stealing another person's ideas, which is plagiarism.

Whenever you use another person's ideas, even if you put it into your own words (called 'paraphrasing'), you must give them credit. You do this by CITING the source you used in two places:

  1. First, you give a brief in-text citation right in (or after) the sentence where you mention the idea or words.

  2. Then, you provide a detailed reference at the end of your document so that whoever reads it will be able to locate the exact source you used. 
    • note: the exact formatting of a reference will depend on the type of information source you are citing, but every reference should tell the reader:
      • WHO created the work,
      • WHEN it was created,
      • WHAT the work is called, and
      • WHERE it can be found. 
Different scholarly disciplines follow different 'rules' to format citations. For ARTS 1100, you will be using the APA citation style.

APA citation

APA citation for this video:
Memorial University Libraries (2013). Referencing sources in APA style: A basic introduction [Video file]. Retrieved from

APA citation for this video:
Memorial University Libraries (2013). APA style reference list: How to reference journal articles [Video file]. Retrieved from


APA citation for this video:
Memorial University Libraries (2013). APA reference list: How to reference books [Video file]. Retrieved from


See screenshot from this reference book:

Notice that the suggested APA citation needed a few corrections!

Screenshot from Curio database:

Example of an APA citation for a YouTube video

Things to note:
  • Author: try to provide the full form of the author's name.
  • Title: if there is a difference between the title shown at the start of the video and the title given in the description, go with the title on the video itself. In this case, the video itself showed the word VIDEOS, rather than VIDEO as in the title in the YouTube description.
  • Format indicator: it should be [Video file], not [video file] as incorrectly stated in this YouTube video (per Publication Manual of the APA, 6th ed., p. 211)
  • Link: use the link provided from the Share button.