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Open Education Resources

What are Open Texbooks

  • Open textbooks are part of a larger movement called "Open Educational Resources" (OER)
  • An open textbook is a textbook with an open copyright license that allows the material to be freely accessed, shared and adapted.
  • Open licenses allow instructors to adapt, remix, or customize existing open textbooks to maximize instructional content to meet their own learning objectives
  • Many open textbooks are developed through traditional peer review, others are vetted by experts.  As with any textbook, the instructor is the final judge of whether an open textbook meets the needs of the course.

5R's of Openness

What does it mean for a learning resource to be "open"? The 5R framework, proposed by David Wiley, defines the major characteristics of "open" content.

Retain
the right to make, own, and control copies of the content

Reuse
the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)

Revise
the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)

Remix
the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)

Redistribute
the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at: http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221

David Wiley on why open textbooks are the way forward

Licensing