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APA Citation: Websites & Online Communities

Websites & Online Communities

  • These works also include news from news websites (see CBC News example below) but not articles from online newspapers (like the Vancouver Sun)
  • If there is no author, start with the title; if there is no date, use (n.d.)
  • If the author and publisher are the same, omit the site publisher info to avoid repetition (see WHO example below)
  • Use a retrieval date only if the content is likely to change

Author last name, A. A. (date). Title of document. Publisher if different from authorhttp://www.xxxx 

World Health Organization. (2019, January 24). Universal health coverage (UHC) 

Bruce, I. (2019, November 21). Sustainable transport key to tackling the climate crisis. David Suzuki Foundation. 

Glasner, E. (2019, December 3). China is becoming the biggest movie market in the world — and changing what you watch. CBC News. 



In text citation: ... (World Health Organization [WHO], 2019) the first time, then (WHO, 2019) ... (Bruce, 2019) ... (Glasner, 2019) 

           Note: if quoting also include a page number or other locator, for example a section title, heading or paragraph


  • Included here are social media sites (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Tumblr, Snapchat, Pinterest, LinkedIn, etc.). If you only link to other content from these sites, then just cite the content you use, not how you got to it
  • Include the text of a social media post up to the first 20 words as the title; include a descriptive label of audiovisuals after the title in square brackets if there are any, for example [Thumbnail with link attached]; do not alter the spelling and if possible; replicate emojis or provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example [winking face]; see here for emoji names

Author, A. A. (date). Title of post [Description of audiovisuals]. Site Name. https://xxxxx

Kwantlen Student Association. (2019, December 2). In preparation for the release of Episonde IX - The Rise of Skywalker we will be holding a Star Wars movie [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook.

KPU Library [@KPULibrary]. (2019, December 4). Does your brain hurt from studying? Find our Exam BreakAway tables at your campus library for a bit of mindless [Photographs attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. 

Greta Thunberg [@gretathunberg]. (2019, December 7). 500’000 people marched in Madrid last night. This is the beginning of change! The world is slowly waking up to [Photograph]. Instagram.


In text citation: ... (Kwantlen Student Association [KSA], 2019) the first time, then ... (KSA, 2019) ... (KPU Library, 2019) ... (Greta Thunberg, 2019)