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Psychiatric Nursing

Associations & Government Websites

Diseases & Conditions Websites

If you are looking for more information than these websites provide, try searching for a non-profit medical or patient association related to the disease you are interested in.

For example, the Alzheimer's Society of Canada would have a lot of reliable information for Alzheimer patients, medical practitioners and family members.

Evidence-Based Documents

Finding Grey Literature

Grey Literature is information published outside the usual streams of academic publishing, but may still contain valuable, high quality information.

Examples include reports, research or working papers from:

  • professional associations
  • non-profit organizations
  • non-partisan private associations
  • regulatory agencies or governing bodies
  • academic or research institutions or repositories

In addition to traditional report/research articles, you can also find thesis and dissertations, audits, standards, regulations, professional guidelines and benchmarks, summaries of clinical trials or other research, surveys, policy & procedure documentation and conference proceedings.

Often the best approach to finding this grey literature is using Google's Advanced Search interface.

Think about who might be interested in gathering information on your particular topic, and what words may appear in their websites or documentation.

Some Advanced Google Search suggestions:

  • add the word "association" to your search terms to find professional or non-for-profit organizations involved in your area of interest
  • if you are looking for reports, try limiting your search to .pdf file format, which is the most common format used for uploading documents
  • limit your search to a particular url domain (eg. limiting to .gc.ca websites will limit search results to Canadian federal government websites; .edu will limit results to American university & college websites; .org will limit search results to non-profit organizations)

How to cite Websites using the APA citation style

  • These works also include news from news websites (see CBC News example below) but not articles from online newspapers (like the Vancouver Sun)
  • If there is no author, start with the title; if there is no date, use (n.d.)
  • If the author and publisher are the same, omit the site publisher info to avoid repetition (see WHO example below)
  • Use a retrieval date only if the content is likely to change

Author last name, A. A. (date). Title of document. Publisher if different from authorhttp://www.xxxx 

World Health Organization. (2019, January 24). Universal health coverage (UHC)https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/universal-health-coverage-(uhc) 

Bruce, I. (2019, November 21). Sustainable transport key to tackling the climate crisis. David Suzuki Foundation. https://davidsuzuki.org/expert-article/sustainable-transport-key-to-tackling-the-climate-crisis/ 

Glasner, E. (2019, December 3). China is becoming the biggest movie market in the world — and changing what you watch. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/entertainment/china-movies-censorship-1.5381349 

 

 

In text citation: ... (World Health Organization [WHO], 2019) the first time, then (WHO, 2019) ... (Bruce, 2019) ... (Glasner, 2019) 

           Note: if quoting also include a page number or other locator, for example a section title, heading or paragraph

   

  • Included here are social media sites (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Tumblr, Snapchat, Pinterest, LinkedIn, etc.). If you only link to other content from these sites, then just cite the content you use, not how you got to it
  • Include the text of a social media post up to the first 20 words as the title; include a descriptive label of audiovisuals after the title in square brackets if there are any, for example [Thumbnail with link attached]; do not alter the spelling and if possible; replicate emojis or provide the emoji's name in square brackets, for example [winking face]; see here for emoji names

Author, A. A. (date). Title of post [Description of audiovisuals]. Site Name. https://xxxxx

Kwantlen Student Association. (2019, December 2). In preparation for the release of Episonde IX - The Rise of Skywalker we will be holding a Star Wars movie [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/KSAcouncil/photos/a.225203104188652/3309226592452939/?type=3

KPU Library [@KPULibrary]. (2019, December 4). Does your brain hurt from studying? Find our Exam BreakAway tables at your campus library for a bit of mindless [Photographs attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/KPULibrary/status/1202328529205002242 

Greta Thunberg [@gretathunberg]. (2019, December 7). 500’000 people marched in Madrid last night. This is the beginning of change! The world is slowly waking up to [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B5xF5yUp2SE/

 

In text citation: ... (Kwantlen Student Association [KSA], 2019) the first time, then ... (KSA, 2019) ... (KPU Library, 2019) ... (Greta Thunberg, 2019) 

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