On this page, we'll consider the importance of integrating sources into your writing and how to do this correctly within the conventions of science communication.
It helps to keep a couple of things in mind as you work through the exercises below:
For more information, see the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy
Scholarship is a Conversation. From University of Washington Libraries.
Why Citations are Important
In science communication, include citations to external and reliable sources in order to:
Direct Quotation, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing
There are certain conventions in science writing that make it a little different from other academic and non-academic writing:
Here are a number of practical resources on using sources in science writing.
The following templates can provide useful phrases for incorporating your sources into your writing. They are based on the templates from the following book and have been adapted for writing in the sciences.
Graff, G. & Birkenstein, C. (2013). “They say/ I say”: The moves that matter in academic writing (3rd ed.). Norton.