BOOKS, REPORTS, BROCHURES AND OTHER NONPERIODICAL PUBLICATIONS
- Give the city and state where the publisher is located as noted on the title page (outside of the United States, give the city and country). Follow the location with a colon and the name of the publisher.
Write out the names of association, corporations, and university presses, but omit superfluous terms, such as Publishers, Co., and Inc., but retain the words Books and Press. If the author is also the publisher, use the word Author as the publisher
New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Vancouver, Canada: University of British Columbia Press.
PERIODICALS (journals, magazines, newspapers)
- Give the volume number after the periodical title and italicize it; do not use Vol. before the number
- If an issue number is available and if each issue starts with page one, then include the issue number in parentheses right after the volume number, without a space, and do not italicize it
- Give inclusive page numbers. Note: abbreviations for “page” and “pages” (“p.” and “pp.”) are used before page numbers of newspaper articles and articles or chapters in edited books but not before page numbers of articles appearing in magazines and scholarly journals
ELECTRONIC SOURCES - RETRIEVAL INFORMATION
- Many publishers are assigning a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to journal articles and other documents, which provides a persistent link to its location on the Internet. Always provide the DOI if it is available. If no DOI has been assigned, provide the home page URL of the journal, book, or report publisher
- In general, it is not necessary to include database information.
- Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time (e.g.: Wikis)
- For books or chapters available online, the retrieval statement takes the place of publisher location and name