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APA Citation Style_OLD: Authors

Reference List: AUTHORS

GENERAL RULE

  • Alphabetize the reference list by the last names of the authors (or editors)
  • Invert all authors’ names and use initials only instead of full first names

MULTIPLE AUTHORS

  • 2-7 authors: separate the authors by a comma and put a & before the last author's name, e.g.:
    • Kristof, N.D., & WuDunn, S. (2010)... 
    • Tang, P., Yuan, W., & Tseng, H. (2005)...

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  • More than 7 authors: list the first six authors, then add 3 dots followed by the last author's name, e.g.:  
    • Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., ... Botros, N. (2004)...

GROUP AS AN AUTHOR (organizations, associations, government agencies, etc.)

  • alphabetize by the first word of the group other than A, An, or The.  Full official names should be used. For example, The American Psychological Association would be entered as:  
    • American Psychological Association. (2008)...

NO AUTHOR

  • move the title to the author position before the date of publication; alphabetize the entry by the first significant word of the title, e.g.:
    • Webster's third new international dictionary, unabridged. (2004). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

TWO OR MORE WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR IN DIFFERENT YEARS

  • arrange the entries by year, the earliest first, e.g.
    • Blitzer, R. (2007). ..
    • Blitzer, R. (2009). ...

TWO OR MORE WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR IN THE SAME YEAR

  • arrange the entries alphabetically by title. Add the letters “a,” “b,” etc. after the year:
    • Baheti, J. R. (2001a). ...                                
    • Baheti, J. R. (2001b). …
  • in-text include the letters, e.g.: (Baheti, 2001a)

TWO OR MORE WORKS BY THE SAME AUTHOR AS SINGLE AUTHOR AND AS LEADING AUTHOR

  • one author entries precede multiple author entries (even if the year is later)
    • Lutz, P. (2013)
    • Lutz, P., & Cook, B. (2008)
    • Lutz, P., Cook, B., & Arend, D. (2008)

AUTHORS WITH THE SAME LAST NAME AND SAME INITIALS

  • you may include the full first names in brackets, e.g.:
    • Robinson, A. [Adam]. (2012). …                  
    • Robinson, A. [Andrew]. (2012). ...
  • in-text include the full first name, e.g.: ....(Adam Robinson, 2012)

AUTHORS WHOSE NAME HAS A SUFFIX (like Jr., Sr., I, II, III, etc.)

  • include the suffix in the reference list entry, e.g.: 
    • Stone, B., Jr. (2012). ...
  • in-text do not include the suffix, e.g.: ....(Stone, 2012)